Hola, language adventurers! Welcome back to another exciting journey on “Andrés Aprendes.” 🚀 Today, we’re going to unravel the mysteries of Spanish relative clauses with prepositions (en el que, con la que, por los que, a las que, etc.) – yes, those phrases that sound like secret codes but are actually super useful in daily conversation. Think of them as the secret passageways in the grand castle of the Spanish language, connecting ideas and leading you to hidden treasures of expression. Ready to become a master of linguistic navigation? Let’s dive in!

What Are Relative Clauses and Why Do We Use Them?

Relative clauses are not just grammatical structures; they’re your ticket to a more nuanced and connected way of expressing yourself in Spanish. They let you add flavor and depth to your sentences, making your dialogue or narrative as rich and engaging as a well-brewed Colombian coffee ☕️.

The Structure: The Magic of “el que,” “la que,” “los que,” and “las que”

Diving into the structure of relative clauses with prepositions is like unlocking a treasure chest of expressive potential. Here’s the golden rule to keep in your arsenal:

Preposition + Article (if needed) + “que”

Remember, the choice of article depends on the noun you’re referring to, matching in both gender and number, to keep your sentences grammatically elegant and clear.

The Rule: When to Add the Article

Adding the article is like choosing the right 🔑 for a 🔓. It depends on the specific noun you’re referring back to in your conversation or writing. This little detail can make a big difference in clarity and specificity.

Examples Galore!

En el que/la que/los que/las que (in which/on which):
“Ese es el diario en el que escribo mis pensamientos más íntimos.” (That’s the diary in which I write my most intimate thoughts.)
La mesa en la que cenamos anoche estaba decorada hermosamente.” (The table on which we dined last night was beautifully decorated.)

Al que/a la que/a los que/a las que (to whom/which):
El autor al que le escribí me respondió personalmente.” (The author to whom I wrote replied to me personally.)
Los amigos a los que les presté el coche me lo devolvieron hoy.” (The friends to whom I lent my car returned it today.)

Por el que/por la que/por los que/por las que (for which/through which):
“Esa es la razón por la que no puedo acompañarte.” (That is the reason for which I cannot accompany you.)
El túnel por el que pasamos estaba iluminado de forma espectacular.” (The tunnel through which we passed was spectacularly lit.)

Con el que/con la que/con los que/con las que (with whom/with which):
La persona con la que hablé ayer me dio excelentes consejos.” (The person with whom I spoke yesterday gave me excellent advice.)
Los libros con los que estudié me ayudaron a aprobar el examen.” (The books with which I studied helped me pass the exam.)

When and Why: The Secret Behind Their Use

Embracing relative clauses with prepositions in your Spanish toolkit allows you to weave together thoughts and ideas with elegance and fluidity. They’re particularly useful for adding context, defining relationships between ideas, and enriching your storytelling with layers of meaning and detail.

Wrapping It Up With Style

Mastering these structures is a journey worth embarking on, as it opens up new avenues for expression in Spanish. So, practice weaving these clauses into your conversations and writings. With each use, you’ll find your Spanish becoming more fluid, connected, and expressive, painting vivid pictures with your words that captivate and engage.

Keep exploring, amigos, and until our next linguistic adventure, keep your passion for Spanish burning bright!


Elige la preposición que tenga más sentido para completar la frase de relativo.

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